WHAT IS IT?
Sclerotherapy is a microinjection procedure to treat spider veins.
HOW DOES IT WORK?
The procedure involves injection of a sterile solution (called a sclerosing solution) into the small veins using a very fine, thin needle. This solution irritates the vein lining causing it to undergo fibrosis and eventually disappear. Multiple veins can be injected at each session.
WHAT ARE SPIDER VEINS?
Spider veins are most common in women in the age groups of 30 - 50. This has been related to the hormone estrogen and pregnancy. Spider veins look like a network pattern in a circular fashion, but are completely harmless.
WHAT SHOULD I EXPECT?
The procedure does not require any type of anesthesia. The provider will ask you to come in wearing loose fitting clothing. During the procedure, there is minimal pain similar to a little sting.
HOW MANY DO I NEED?
The number of treatments varies from individual to individual, but typically 2 - 4 treatments are required for the best results. In patients with milder cases, 1 - 2 will suffice. More treatments are required when there are more veins or slightly larger veins.
WHAT ARE THE SIDE EFFECTS?
Besides some stinging pain, sclerotherapy can rarely cause a few side effects. Allergic reactions are rare. A few individuals may develop intense itching at the site of injection.
WHAT HAPPENS IF NOT TREATED?
Spider veins are small veins, which are entirely of a cosmetic nuisance. They do not form blood clots, ache, or cause swollen feet or pain. One may elect to observe them.
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER THE TREATMENT?
There is some mild pain and the injected site will appear bruised and swollen for a few days. Continual wearing of the ace bandage will relieve the swelling and pain. The bruising usually disappears in 2 - 3 weeks. After the first 2 days, most patients can resume normal activities.